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What are the plants used for biofencening.

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Sanjay Naithani
Chief Agronomist-ICL India

Dear Dhananjay,

This would depend upon the purpose you want to put the fence for. It could be:

  1. Demarcation
  2. Beautification
  3. Wind Break
  4. Prevent intruders
  5. Habitat for pollinators
  6. Prevent erosion and soil stabilization
  7. Prevent noise pollution
  8. Privacy

Now the choice of plant for bio-fencing would depend upon

  1. Geography and climate
  2. Purpose
  3. Type of crop

Things you need to consider are:

  1. Is it trailing or free-sanding
  2. Water and nutrient requirement
  3. Pattern of growth (slow or vigorous)
  4. Flowering pattern
  5. Should not be an alternate host
  6. Should not be an invasive species.

Some common plants are Shoe flower (China Rose), Bougainvillea, Nerium oleander(Kaner) and Crepe jasmine (Chandni) if the purpose is beautification.

Hawthorn (नागफनी), Euphorbia (त्रिधारा) and Peruvian cactus for arid regions.

Carissa carandas (करौंदा ), Capparis decidua (खैर या करील ) Parkinsonia aculeata for man animal barrier.

Dear Dhananjay, it depends a lot on your cropping system, climate and the aim of the fencing, among others. In my conditions of avocado and citrus farming in east Spain, the main aim of fencing is to protect the crop from wind. For citrus we often use cyprus (in one line, 4 plants per meter length). For avocado we use a highly densed row of avocado trees that we allow to grow bigger (for example, at a distance of 3.5 m). kind regards

Bougainvil is an option along with cactus